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POLAND COMPETITIVENESS REPORT 2006 THE ROLE OF INNOVATION


EDITED BY WERESA A.M.

wydawnictwo: SGH, 2006, wydanie I

cena netto: 61.60 Twoja cena  58,52 zł + 5% vat - dodaj do koszyka

Preface


The report aims at evaluating Poland’s competitive performance from a comparative perspective. Indicators, effects and determinants of Poland’s competitiveness are analyzed in terms of their evolution during the period of 1995-2005 and on the basis of an international comparison with other European Union countries, in particular the new member states. The report goes beyond the simple scoreboard approach, which might fail to capture structural factors. Developing effective policies requires an in-depth understanding of the complex factors that drive the competitiveness of economies. Therefore, this report adopts a systematic approach allowing comparisons of particular determinants of Poland’s competitive position. The cross-country comparison is conducted using both quantitative and qualitative perspectives, which allows the authors to forecast future trends and indicate some areas of policy priorities. The report is divided into five parts supplemented by methodological and statistical annexes.
The objective of Part One is to analyze and interpret the available evidence on the competitiveness of the Polish economy. The assessment consists of two complementary components: the nation’s prosperity and its position versus external partners compared with other new EU member states. The starting point is an analysis of the nation’s prosperity measured by overall economic performance, the level of the real income of the Polish population and the capacity to increase it. That is followed by an assessment of Poland’s competitive position in external relations. The question addressed here is whether the Polish economy is able to produce high-value products and services that meet the test of world markets. Therefore, Poland’s comparative advantage in trade is evaluated using the Revealed Comparative Advantage Index (RCA). Moreover, the country’s attractiveness for foreign direct investment is compared to the locational advantages of other new EU member states.
The second part of the report is dedicated to a detailed analysis of the determinants of Poland’s competitiveness. The framework for this assessment goes beyond a growth accounting breakdown of economic performance. Factors that affect competitiveness are grouped into two broad categories: assets and institutions. Thus, competitiveness depends on the availability of resources (labor, capital, technology and innovation) and their allocation (productivity) as well as on contextual factors (political and social environment, conditions of doing business, current economic policy, etc.) and their quality.
As outlined in Part Two, there are many factors that affect competitiveness, and their importance varies over time. Therefore, the focus of the third part of the report will change in subsequent editions. This issue of the report highlights the growing role of innovation as a source of competitive position. Poland faces a process of structural change that can be seen at both macroeconomic and sect oral levels.
Competition requires enterprises to constantly innovate and focus on activities with a high knowledge input. Therefore, at the center of this edition is the growing role of innovation as a source of the nation’s long-term economic performance and competitive position. The capacity to transform knowledge into unique and high value products and services is regarded as one of the most important competitive assets. The innovative capacity of Poland’s economy is examined and compared with the capacity of other new EU member states. The role of innovation in creating the competitiveness of the Polish business sector is assessed. Furthermore, the report ranks individual sectors of Polish industry according to their innovativeness.
Part Four of the report synthesizes Poland’s current competitive position and draws implications for policy in the context of the Lisbon Strategy.
The last part of this report touches on selected theoretical issues related to international competitiveness and its assessment. It is meant to continue an academic discussion on this complex phenomenon.
Marzenna A. Weresa

 


Contents


Preface
Marzenna A. Weresa
Executive summary

PART I
POLAND’S COMPARATIVE ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE
AND COMPETITIVE POSITION IN 2005

Chapter 1
Economic development and its convergence
1.1. Comparative economic performance
       Ryszard Rapacki
1.2. Real convergence or divergence of the average income level
       Mariusz Próchniak
1.3. Socioeconomic development and standard of living
       Zbigniew Matkowski

Chapter 2
International competitive position of the Polish economy
       Józef Misala
2.1. Position in international trade
2.2. Intensity and structure of Poland’s trade with EU countries
2.3. Comparative position in international capital fl ows
2.4. Poland’s position in the intra-EU division of labor in the context of the location theory and the theory of international trade

PART II
DETERMINANTS OF POLAND’S COMPETITIVENESS

Chapter 3
Assets and their productivity
3.1. Human resources
       Mateusz Mokrogulski
3.2. Physical capital 
       Ireneusz Bil
3.3. Science, technology and innovation 
       Marzenna A. Weresa
3.4. Productivity 
       Mariusz Próchniak

Chapter 4
Institutions and their quality
4.1. Political and social factors 
       Janusz Gołębiowski
4.2. Economic policy assessment 
       Wojciech Bieńkowski & Ziemowit Czajkowski
4.3. Quality of business environment
       Aleksander Sulejewicz

PART III
INNOVATION AND ITS IMPACT ON POLAND’S COMPETITIVENESS

Chapter 5
Innovative capacity: Poland and other new EU member states compared
5.1. Recent legal and institutional changes in the Polish national innovation system 
       Marcin Gomułka
5.2. Poland’s innovative capacity and performance 
       Marzenna A. Weresa & Marcin Gomułka

Chapter 6
Innovation in Polish industry
6.1. Innovation index at industry level 
       Marcin Gomułka
6.2. Ranking Poland’s industries according to their innovativeness 
       Marzenna A. Weresa
6.3. The innovation activity of multinational companies in the Polish market 
       Katarzyna Zakrzewska
6.4. Innovation and competitiveness: An industry perspective 
       Bartosz Witkowski & Marzenna A. Weresa

PART IV
BOOSTING COMPETITIVENESS

Chapter 7
Positioning Poland in Central Europe and in the EU
7.1. Poland’s competitiveness and its drivers: An overall assessment 
       Marzenna A. Weresa & Ryszard Rapacki
7.2. Polish economy: Major strengths and weaknesses 
       Ryszard Rapacki

Chapter 8
Instruments to support structural reforms in Poland 
       Mariusz-Jan Radło
8.1. Policy priorities in the context of the Lisbon Strategy
8.2. National Reform Program 2005–2008: A credible reform strategy?

PART V
THE COMPETITIVENESS ISSUE:
SOME THEORETICAL CONSIDERATIONS

Chapter 9
Theory and methodology: A critical assessment of analysis methods 
       Jan W. Bossak
9.1. Economic system and competitiveness
9.2. The position, competitiveness and competitive ability of the economy
9.3. Methodology of comparative studies
9.4. Rankings of countries’ competitiveness

Chapter 10
Comparing national competitiveness: Basic measurement problems 
       Józef Misala
10.1. An overview of relationships between international competitive ability, international competitiveness and international competitive position of a national economy
10.2. Types of international competitiveness and methods of its measurement

Methodological annex
1. Methodology of income convergence analysis 
       Mariusz Próchniak
2. Methodology of productivity analysis 
       Mariusz Próchniak
3. Hierarchical cluster classifi cation 
       Marcin Gomułka
4. Methodology for creating the innovation index 
       Marcin Gomułka
5. Methodology of the impact assessment 
       Bartosz Witkowski
Statistical annex 
       Filip Kamiński


294 stron,B 5

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